” As in all connective tissue, the functional components of fascia include the mesenchymal cells (fibroblasts, mast cells, and macrophages) and the extracellular substances (collagen, reticulum, elastic fibres, and ground substance ).
The superficial structural role of this tissue has long been recognized, but its other biophysical characteristics and functions have begun to undergo clarification only since the relatively recent identification and description of the cellular and extracellular components.
Structurally, fascia acts as a restraining mechanism enclosing the muscle fibres, holding tendons in position as they cross articulations, and generally strenghtening the joint structure.
[These] stress bands are found in many areas along the lines of average strain patterns.
At many bones proeminences which have become tension or traction areas because of abnormal amounts of directions of associated strain, especially shortened and thickened development of connective tissue is found.
Restriction in joint motion may be due primarily to fascial thickening, with reduction in elasticity, or shortening. In many cases there is a combination of the two, and in such instances the fascial changes may be the result of either structural or functional stress in the musculoskeletal system. ”
From HOAG, COLE, BRADFORD
Edition MC GRAW-HILL
Chapter Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System
¨Neuroplasticity: how the brain heals¨ by Norman Doidge, article in The Guardian by Nicolas Davis, with podcast
Norman Doidge talks about the implications of neuroplasticity and his new book ‘The Brain’s Way of Healing’, and from San Jose in California Ian Sample gives a roundup of key issues discussed at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Traumatic childhood events can lead to mental health and behavioral problems later in life, explains psychiatrist and traumatic stress expert Bessel van der Kolk, author of the recently published book, The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma.
Children’s brains are literally shaped by traumatic experiences, which can lead to problems with anger, addiction, and even criminal activity in adulthood, says van der Kolk. Sound Medicine’s Barbara Lewis spoke with him about his book.